The anaconda, the largest snake in the world.
Anacondas are large semi-aquatic snakes, a family of the good, found in the tropical regions of South America.
The anaconda lives over a vast area of tropical river systems and swamps in South America, east of the Andes.
This hot and humid region with its dense foliage offers excellent habitat for such a large snake, which is a good fit in this world.
In nature, the average life span of an anaconda is about 10 years.
There are four species of anacondas:
The green (Eunectes murinus), also known as the common anaconda.
The yellow (Eunectes notaeus), also known as the Paraguayan anaconda -
Dark-spotted (Eunectes deschauenseei)
And the Beni (Eunectes beniensis), also known as the Bolivian anaconda.
Although the name Anaconda applies to all four species, it is often used to refer only to the green anaconda, which is the largest snake in the world by weight and the second longest.
The green anaconda is typically a brownish-green, olive, or grayish-green hue and is patterned with egg-shaped black spots.
Like green anacondas, these huge snakes are primarily brownish-green, olive-green, or greyish in color with black spots.
The yellow anaconda has a pattern of spots, frames, spots, and stripes (usually black or dark brown) on a yellow, gold-tan, or yellow-green background. Adults grow to an average 3.3 to 4.4 m (10.8 to 14.4 ft) in total length.
The dark-spotted anaconda is about the same size as the yellow anaconda and is brown with large dark spots.
In all species, females are larger than males.
Anacondas, like all boas, are not poisonous.
They are primarily nocturnal snakes, although they can be seen active throughout the day.
The anaconda likes to be in or near water and spends much of its time in the murky waters that help hide, as well as support, its tremendous body.
Anacondas are excellent swimmers and divers. Their eyes and nostrils are on the top of their head, so the snakes can wait for their prey while remaining almost hidden by the water.
Like other reptiles, they are cold-blooded.
Anacondas rest and bask along the bank of a river or on tree branches that hang over the water along the banks of the river so that the snakes can quickly drop into the water if necessary.
Anaconda can stay underwater for up to 10 minutes without surfacing to breathe.
On land, anacondas are capable of reaching up to 8 kilometers (5 miles) per hour. These teeth are not used for chewing food, but for grasping prey so that an anaconda can position itself to wrap its coils around its prey.
Like the boa, it is a constrictor snake.
An anaconda kills its prey by wrapping its muscular body around the creature and squeezing until the animal can no longer breathe. The jaws held together by elastic ligaments allow them to swallow their prey whole, regardless of size.
This includes not only animals like deer, coatis but even human beings, which has earned it a bad reputation as "man-eating" snakes.
Anacondas have a slow-acting digestive system and it can take several weeks or longer for the anaconda to digest its food.
From myth, the movie to reality. The giant anaconda.
During his expeditions to the Amazon rainforest, Colonel Percy Fawcett reported seeing strange, unknown creatures. One of which was a huge 20 meter long anaconda snake.
This was widely ridiculed by the scientific community. However, a recent expedition in the Amazon acting on the Fawcett sightings, has made a discovery that could prove that the 'experts' were wrong and Colonel Fawcett was right.
A retiree from Northern Ireland and his son claim to have discovered evidence proving the existence of a mythical giant anaconda that lives in the Amazon rainforest. Mike Warner, 73, and his son Greg, 44, believe they have photographs showing the giant reptile, which measures 40 meters long by two in diameter, gliding through the Peruvian jungle.
The men took aerial photographs of the creature, which is dark brown in color and known locally as Yacumama, during a 12-day expedition to the Amazon in March.
Greg said reports on Yacumama, which translates to 'mother of water', abound throughout the Amazon basin and in history.
“This has been my father's project for 23 years and it all goes back to a photograph he saw of a large python that had just swallowed a goat.
"My father and I were separated for about 10 years, but we got together at Christmas and I started helping him by reading his research material because he is partially blind."
"The more he read about this, the more he interested me, so I told him why we didn't go and finish the job looking for him."
Mike, who worked as a lithographer before retiring, spent his life savings to finance the trip.
Greg said they decided to begin their search for the snake by following reports from British archaeologist and explorer Colonel Percy Fawcett.
Colonel Fawcett was commissioned by the Royal Geographical Society of London in 1906 to map an area of the Peruvian Amazon in a dispute over rubber production.
Percy Fawcett recorded seeing great trails in the forest that we call canals, so we commissioned satellites to take pictures of this area to look for the existence of these canals: , perhaps we could find some evidence that points to the existence of the serpent. " What we didn't expect to get was a picture of one of these snakes in the canal. . "We think we have found something extraordinary."
Since returning from their trip, father and son have shared the findings of the 700 photographs and five hours of video images taken during the trip with the National Geographic Society and Queen's University Belfast.
"Although it is largely believed to be a giant anaconda, it is possible that it is a species previously unknown to science," he said.