Endangered Animals: The Gorilla

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Review and correct the following sentence for correct grammar in Spanish: “elevated from 'Endangered' status to 'Critically Endangered'”.

gorilla

Four out of six of the great ape species are now critically endangered, after the eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) was elevated from "Endangered" to "Critically Endangered" in 2016 due to a population decline. in progress.

 If this has not decreased, about 93% of the eastern gorillas will be gone by 2054. 

Gorillas are the largest apes along with chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans; and they are our closest living relatives after chimpanzees and bonobos.

Gorillas live in the forests of central Africa.

Specifically, they live in the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Guinea, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, and Nigeria.

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There are two sub-species of eastern gorilla: mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). The mountain gorilla has been classified as critically endangered since 1996, but its population is recovering; however, this recovery is offset by the very pronounced decrease in Bauer's gorilla numbers.

Lowland gorillas live in dense forests and lowland swamps and marshes as low as sea level.

The mountain gorilla lives in forests, with an altitude of 2.2004.300 meters (7.20014.100 feet).

Their longevity is normally between 35 and 40 years, although the gorillas in the zoo can live for 50 years or more.

Colo, a female western gorilla at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, was the oldest known gorilla, at age 60 when she died on January 17, 2017.

Wild male gorillas weigh 135-180 kg (300-400 lb), while adult females generally weigh half as much as adult males at 70115-150250 kg (XNUMX-XNUMX lb).

Adult males are 1.7 to 1.8 m (5 ft 7 to 5 ft 11 in) tall, with an arm that extends 2.3 to 2.6 m (7 ft 7 to 8 ft 6 in). Female gorillas are shorter, with smaller arms.

Gorillas are stocky animals with broad chests and shoulders, large hands, and forearms that are much shorter than the upper arm.

The face is black and hairless, with small eyes that are close together and large, prominent nostrils.

The eastern gorilla is darker in color than the western gorilla, with the mountain gorilla being the darkest of all. The mountain gorilla also has thicker hair.

Its western lowland counterpart may be brown or grayish with a reddish forehead.

Adult males are identified by a sagittal ridge along the midline of the skull and an area of ​​white hair on the back, which is why they are known as silverback.

These primates are not territorial and live in groups called troops. There may be 5 to 30 gorillas in a troop, led by a strong and experienced silver back. The Silverback makes all the decisions, such as where the troop travels to eat each day, when they stop to eat or rest, and where they spend the night.

A gorilla troop does not stay in the same place for more than a day so as not to exhaust its food source! Each morning, the Silverback or dominant male, leads his troop to a new area where food is plentiful.

The main threats are poachers, habitat loss and degradation, social unrest in the poor nations where they live, disease and climate change.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, in central Africa, has established protected areas to try to maintain the population and protect the gorillas.

El Virunga National Park is one of these examples, where specially trained park rangers have been incorporated to protect their natural habitat against illegal hunting, as well as to allow tourists to visit in a non-invasive way.

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What is the Red List from the IUCN?

Established in 1964, la Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature It has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive source of information on the global conservation status of animals, fungi, and plant species.

The IUCN Red List is a critical indicator of the health of the biodiversity of the world. Much more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. Provides information on range, population size, habitat and ecology, use and / or trade, threats, and conservation actions that will help inform necessary conservation decisions.

Source: International Union for Conservation

Frequently asked questions from our readers:

The main threats facing the endangered gorilla are habitat loss due to deforestation, illegal hunting and species trafficking. Read more here: https://www.equilibriumx.com/ecoturismo-y-conservacion/animales-en-peligro-de-extincion-el-gorila
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Last modified: 2024-07-10T20:21:33+10:00

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