Hairless cat breeds are not actually a breed of cat, but rather a category or type of cat.
A cat's hairless condition is caused by a recessive gene that must be present in both parents, however they are not completely hairless, they only have extremely short hair and hardly any protrusion from the skin giving a hairless appearance.
These types of cats are not an ideal pet for everyone, but if you are willing to give them the extra care and attention they deserve, a hairless cat will be the perfect pet, as cats like the Sphynx are extremely loyal and affectionate cats and are companions. ideals.
There are many myths about allergies and hairless animals such as the Sphynx or the Xoloitzcuintle, the Mexican hairless dog, or the guinea pig Skinny; And although these animals do not have hair, it does not mean that you cannot be allergic to them like furry ones. Hairless cats still shed skin cells and their saliva still contains the proteins that can cause an allergic reaction to physical contact with them.
What makes them a better solution for those allergic to cats is the fact that there is no shedding hair. But, if you are allergic, the key will always reside in a Clean home, free of allergens accumulated everywhere, and some other indications with which your allergist can help you.
The history of hairless cat breeds
In the 1830s there were written accounts of a hairless cat in Paraguay, but the first properly recorded breed of hairless cat was the Mexican hairless cat. The male cat died and the cat was brought to Europe in 1903. Katharine L Simms wrote about her in They Walked Beside Me in 1954 about a peculiar hairless cat that lived in Mexico, this was the Mexican without hair. Due to the lack of a proper breeding program, the hairless Mexican was lost in the world of cats.
Mr. Shinick unfortunately did not breed with these cats and little is known about these two hairless cats.
In France, in the 1930s, hairless cats appeared, but these cats survived. In 1932, photos of two hairless cats were published in a magazine showing the cats at a cat show in Paris. Both cats died in 1931 without having children.
In the United States, Henry Sternberceh wrote a letter to The Journal of Heredity in 1936 about a North Carolina hairless cat from which a litter of kittens was born to an ordinary cat, but only one of the kittens was ordinary. The other three kittens were hairless and one did not even have a tail. Sternberceh speculated that the kittens' appearance was due to their mother being chased and spooked by a neighborhood dog while pregnant, but the Journal Editor responded that geneticists attributed the appearance to a recessive mutation and not to the mother's fright. .
The Sphynx the Canadian Hairless Cat
The Sphynx or Egyptian cat originated from Canadian cats during the 1960s and 1970s, and later crossed with each other by breeders to establish the Canadian line of the Egyptian cat.
Years later, cat breeders Milt and Ethelyn Pearson; upon discovering that one of their kittens had been born without hair, they set about locating other kittens born with the same genetic condition to cross them with each other and maintain the genetic mutation that distinguishes them
Hairless breeds in cats are not limited to the sphinx cat, as there are other breeds throughout the world that lack hair such as the Donskoy cat, the Bambino, the Ukrainian Levkoy, the Lykoi and the Elf cat. They are all naked cats, hairless thanks to genetic mutations preserved by breeders.
Caring for hairless animals
Certainly the absence of hair is a challenge to the owner of a cat like these, since they require a diet with a little more protein and more fat to help them generate heat and maintain temperature. Rather, their skin makes them the object of a little more care than other breeds, since the skin folds must be checked and cleaned at least every 15 days to avoid the accumulation of dirt.
As they do not have a coat that protects them from the cold, they are sensitive to changes in temperature, so you should keep them a little warmer in cold seasons.