The Chayote or Tayota, the pear of vegetables.


The chayote is another of the culinary discoveries of the new world.

Since the time of the conquest, records show that, in Mexico, the chayote has been cultivated since pre-Columbian times and was introduced during the XNUMXth century in Europe, then taken to Africa, Asia and Australia.

It can be eaten simply boiled or added to stews and of course, a traditional Lechoza sweet. 

What is chayote? 

It is a member of the pumpkin family. It is also known as a "vegetable pear." In France, the chayote is called cristófano. The meat is quite crunchy, maybe a bit like the texture of water chestnut.

The fruit / vegetable is generally green and pear-shaped with a smooth skin that has fairly deep grooves running the length of it.

The tree's stems are flexible and strong and have been used in the making of baskets and hats. In India, the fruit and roots are not only used as human food but also as animal fodder.

La Tayota is not boring in terms of its content.

The fruit and particularly the seeds are rich in amino acids such as aspartic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, cysteine, phenylalanine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine (only in fruit), proline, serine, tyrosine, threonine and valine .

Parts of the chayote plant have long been used medicinally: infusions (tea) made from the leaves are used to dissolve kidney stones and help in the treatment of arteriosclerosis and blood pressure.

An infusion of the fruit / vegetable is used to relieve urine retention.

The cardiovascular properties of the infusion of leaves have been proven in recent studies, while its great effectiveness in curing kidney diseases has been known since colonial times.

The main commercial producer and exporter of chayote is Costa Rica, followed by Guatemala, Mexico and the Dominican Republic. Chayotes have now become popular in the United States and are found in many large markets. They are grown in Florida, California, and Louisiana.

How to select a good specimen of Tayote?

Select a firm, smooth and wrinkle-free chayote, as old chayote becomes very wrinkled and therefore dry and strong.

Chayote will keep refrigerated for many days, but it is best to use it as soon as possible.

If you are thinking of grow a tree own, it is really easy to plant it and, as you may have imagined, in Mexico we have the perfect climate for them. The Chayote likes a warm climate. It is perfect in a sunny place where you can climb over a fence or something similar as it is a climbing plant that needs support from where to stand.

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