vaginal microbiota

Where do the healthy microbes in your body live?

The 6 worlds of the microbiome that impact your health

The microbiota in recent years has been a relevant research topic, due to the role it plays in the health and well-being of people.

For this reason, and to give visibility to the world of the microbiome, each year on June 27 this group of microorganisms is commemorated.

It is important to clarify that when speaking of the microbiome, reference is made to the set of microorganisms located in a part of the human body, these specific niches are identified as microbiota. The human body has 6 types of microbiota that are essential for its optimal functioning.

Surely you have heard of these concepts when talking about intestinal diseases, however, there are other conditions that can develop due to an imbalance in the intestinal microbiota such as diabetes, obesity, Alzheimer's, metabolic syndrome, among many others.

According to information published by the Biocodex Microbiota Institute, the composition of the microbiota it depends on the area of ​​the body where it is located, so - in addition to the intestinal - there is the microbiota: cutaneous, vaginal, urinary, respiratory and oral. And this goes even further, because its function varies, as well as the way it impacts health and disease, when it is unbalanced.

oral microbiome2

You can locate it in the nose (rhino), mouth and throat (larynx) and ears (oto), hence its name. Knowing which parts this microbiota impacts, it should be noted that its imbalance can be noticed in teeth diseases (caries), gums, tongue, ear (infection), and nasal passages.

Lung Microbiota3

This microorganism is determined by the environment, that is: the climate, geographical area, environment in which you live, if you have contact with domestic animals, among others. It is located in the lower airways such as the lungs and bronchi.

When it is unbalanced – this is known as dysbiosis-, which is an imbalance in our microbiota and with it, diseases could be generated, such as: recurrent cough, and viral infections. Some risk factors to generate dysbiosis are: sedentary lifestyle, staying awake, treatment with antibiotics, smoking, alcohol consumption, among others.

Cutaneous Microbiota4

You place it in the composition and covered with your skin. It has three key functions: being a physical, chemical and immune barrier. Your age, sex, genes, pH, environment and lifestyle determine the "personality" of this microbiota. Some of the diseases that indicate an imbalance in this element is the presence of acne, atopic dermatitis, among others.

Gut Microbiota1

Its proper functioning depends on your eating habits (amount of sugars, fats, and fiber), lifestyle, medication consumption and certain diseases. Its composition also varies according to age, since the microbiota of a baby differs completely from that of an adult or an elderly person. One of its tasks is to defend you from dangerous bacteria, as well as being a great support to strengthen your immune system.

Urinary Microbiota5

It is now known that it is mainly composed of lactobacilli (bacteria that live in your digestive, urinary and genital systems). It is closely related to the intestinal microbiota, since its imbalance can be affected by bacteria of intestinal origin; this, in turn, is reflected in diseases such as urinary or prostate infections, among others.

Vaginal Microbiota6

Its composition depends on factors such as your genes, ethnic origin, whether you have been pregnant, menopause, environment and hygiene habits, and even your sex life. Its main task is to defend your body from vaginal infections and to ensure a favorable environment for pregnancy.

Some diseases that can indicate an imbalance in your vaginal microbiota They are: local infections, fungal infections or symptoms related to itching, irritation, discharge and abnormal odours.

For this reason, it is important to know the benefits of a balanced microbiota, since it is essential for health and it is important to continue promoting its research. In this sense, Biocodex has the Biocodex Microbiota Foundation, which every year launches a call in Mexico to finance studies focused on this topic. This support has made it possible to promote projects in Michoacán, Nuevo León, Mexico City and Chiapas.


  1. Gut microbiota. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  2. ENT microbiota. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  3. Lung Microbiota. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  4. Cutaneous Microbiota. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  5. Urinary Microbiota. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  6. vaginal microbiome. Biocodex Microbiota Institute, 2021
  7. World Microbiota Day. Floral, 2021


Biocodex Mexico

Founded in France in 1953, Biocodex is an independent multinational company, based on high scientific and manufacturing standards, with 60 years of successful history. Its initial activity focused on the gastroenterology area, with a unique product: Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745®, the first probiotic drug of its kind that has a positive effect on the intestinal microflora. Today, this pharmaceutical laboratory is transforming beyond its roots, expanding its portfolio into diverse therapeutic areas, such as gastroenterology, pain management, neurology, otorhinolaryngology and rheumatology. Currently, Biocodex has international sales in 124 countries through 112 commercials and 9 subsidiaries: Mexico is one of the most recent, as of 2014.

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